New Bluetooth vulnerabilities affect Aruba, Cisco, and Meraki access points

Researchers found two new, separate vulnerabilities in TI (Texas Instruments) CC2640/50 and TI cc2540/1 chips. Both vulnerabilities were named “BleedingBit” and both can be used as exploits in two different attacks.

Wi-Fi access points and other devices that are using Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) chips made by Texas Instruments are affected by these vulnerabilities that can allow a hacker to hijack the affected device.
The vulnerable TI chips can be found in Wi-Fi access points manufactured by Aruba, Cisco, and Meraki; meaning that nearly 70% of the enterprise WiFi access point on the market are now at risk.

The first vulnerability is identified as CVE-2018-16986, an overflow in the field that stores “advertising packets” sent by devices in the AP’s area to let the AP know that the device is there.
Meaning that if a hacker sends a number of well-formed advertising packets containing code, and then a malformed packet with a “one”, it will result in a stack overflow that will lead to the execution of all that earlier-delivered code.

The delivered code can incorporate any kind of malware threat, for example, it can be a backdoor that will give to hacker complete access to the device. Once a backdoor is in place the hacker can exploit the BLE chip to reach the rest of the network.

The second vulnerability, CVE-2018-7080, have a less area of applicability, affecting only Aruba APs; but this doesn’t mean that is less dangerous, not at all because it can be used to deliver a larger payload in just one single step. CVE-2018-7080 exist because Aruba included an over-the-air download (OAD) feature through BLE as a tool for use in the development process. If the feature is left active in a production system, a hacker can obtain and use the hardcoded password to completely rewrite the AP’s operating system via BLE OAD feature.

Remember everything can be hacked. In order to stay away from any threats related to the cyber world, we recommend the install of antivirus for Windows or antivirus for Mac on every device that you own, depending on which OS your device is running. If you are a company, it is also recommended to hire every year a specialized cybersecurity company that will run annual tests on your company’s network. These tests include penetration testing and ethical hacking tests;

Both Cisco and Aruba have issued security bulletins covering the vulnerabilities saying that other devices outside the parameters may well be vulnerable, and might be exploitable with serious consequences.
The existence of this vulnerabilities represents a very dangerous precedent because no one until now has lookt at BLE chip as an entry point for a cyber attack. Now BLE chip can be a very powerful point of entry for a hacker; just imagine the damage that can be done because sometimes your smartwatch and home control, BLE chip can be the only chip on the system, which is easy to exploit. An insulin pump might have only a BLE chip implemented for communication, so gaining access to the chip automatically gives full control over the device and medication, meaning that a hacker can have the user life in his hands.

Keep in mind that our modern society is dependent on computers, mobile devices, and the use of the internet always stay safe and secured.
We would continue to monitor this cybersecurity problem. Meanwhile, users should keep a keen eye out for any cyber attacks. Remember to use an antivirus for Windows or antivirus for Mac in every device that you own, depending on which OS your machine is running, If you are a company we recommend to hire every year a specialized cybersecurity company that will run annual tests on your company’s network, tests like this include: penetration testing and ethical hacking.

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